Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The theme of Sin and Guilt in The Ministers Black Veil - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 812 Downloads: 7 Date added: 2019/07/01 Category Literature Essay Level High school Tags: The Minister's Black Veil Essay Did you like this example? In Hawthornes The Ministers Black Veil, every single person does sin but only the people who are truly God-fearing and confident accept and pay the consequences of their own actions. In some, predicaments, when someone does own up to their sin and endure the discipline for it, instead of being forgiven the society around will hate them. Back then, the Puritans accepted their ministers to be the holiest people. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "The theme of Sin and Guilt in The Ministers Black Veil" essay for you Create order If a minister acts strange then they are suspected of doing something shameful or unholy, the community will then resent him. In The Ministers Black Veil, by Nathaniel Hawthorne, Reverend Hoopers separation represented through the black veil, shows how everyone surrounding him was judgmental, insensitive, and hypocritical. The Ministers Black Veil is a symbolic of the private sins that we bury and isolate ourselves from the ones we love the most. In wearing the veil minister Hooper shows the loneliness that everybody goes through when they are tied up by their own sins. He has realized that everyone typically can be found in the shade of their own veil. By Hooper wearing this veil across his face is only displaying the dark side of people and the accuracy of human existence and nature. Minister Hooper left the dark veil on because he has noticed that secret sin is a veil that can never disappear from anyone until the day of their death. In a quote from the story Mr. Hooper says, There is an hour to come, when all of us shall cast aside our veils. Take it not amiss, beloved friend, if I wear this piece of crepe till then. By saying this Mr. Hooper symbolizes the feeling although human beings are living on the earth a veil shows their face. Hooper made a pledge to himself and made a life project of acting as a mirror to the people around him. The veil cannot be rose until the freedom of truth can be seen. When Mr. Hooper puts the black veil on, he is no longer Mr. Hooper, he is a man that everybody is afraid of. His relationship between him and Elizabeth is destroyed because of his hesitation to remove the black veil. Elizabeth cannot accept the fact that Hooper must go the rest of his life without showing his face. After his first sermon, he did not go to old squire Saunders to bless the food, in which he did every Sunday. As Minister Hooper is dying towards the end of the story, he is by himself and says men avoided me, and women shown no pity and children screamed and fled for my black veil? What but the mystery which it obscurely typifies has made this piece of crape so awful? When the friend shows his inmost heart to his friend, the lover to his best-beloved; when man does not vainly shrink from the eye of his Creator, loathsomely treasuring up the secret of his sin, †then deem me a monster for the symbol beneath which I have lived and die. I look around me, and, lo! on every visage a black veil!. The Minister points out how all the townspeople have treated him so low, overlooking their own sins and paying attention to his. But it looks as if they never truly understood, or apologized, their behavior, as the story closes with the awful thought that the ministers face is still laying behind the veil, even in death. The minister they had once desired for happiness and relief has become an ugly, baffling stranger that no one can recognize. The believers feel as though Minister Hooper can grasp their souls and see all the flaws and sins hidden in them. As said in the story, Each member of the congregation, the most innocent girl, and the man of most hardened breast felt as if the preacher had crept upon them, behind his awful veil, and discovered their hoarded iniquity of deed or thought. Because of his pledge, the minister is involuntarily forced into a life of loneliness, always lacking achievement and happiness. The eyes are the window to your soul, while not being able to see Mr. Hoopers eye, the believers become anxious and annoying. The eyes make it available for others to found out your feeling and emotions. Mr. Hooper creates a tough loneliness that makes it preposterous for people to accept him. The body is like a shell, the eyes are an open way to the real you. From the first day of the veil going onto the ministers face everyones thoughts changed about him. He becomes a problem, distant and feared. Mr. Hooper hadnt changed at all. He is the same sir with the smirk decorating his face. The only thing he did was add a simple cloth across his face and the minster they had once knew is a stranger in their eyes.

Friday, May 15, 2020

Madness in The Yellow Wallpaper and The Tell-Tale Heart

Madness in The Yellow Wallpaper and The Tell-Tale Heart Compare the portrayal and use of madness in The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman and The Tell-Tale Heart by Edgar Allan Poe. Which story did you prefer and why? The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman and the Tell-Tale Heart by Edgar Allen Poe both describe characters who in the opinion of other people are insane. The characters hysterical behaviour due to their insanity is depicted as the stories progress. The Yellow Wallpaper was written for a reason to demonstrate how women were treated in society in the 19th Century. The Tell-Tale heart was written primarily for the purpose of entertainment. The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman†¦show more content†¦It is written as if the character was speaking to a psychiatrist or a detective giving a full account of his actions because of this he frequently justifies his actions and is very proud of the meticulous design of his crime: If you still think me mad, you will think so no longer when I describe the wise precautions I took for the concealment of the body. In The Yellow Wallpaper the character is dismayed by the fear of her impending madness: I wish I could get well faster. Although she believes that she is completely sane, she is fully aware that people around her find her behaviour very peculiar. She is also aware that she is becoming fixated by the wallpaper in her room and realises that she demonstrates hysterical tendencies towards it. In The Tell-Tale heart the character is also aware that people believe him to be mad and find his behaviour neurotic, but he is convinced that he is sane and sets out to assure the reader of this: How, then am I mad? You fancy me mad. Madmen know nothing. Throughout the story he never shows fear of his madness because he never believes that he is. At the beginning of The Yellow Wallpaper the character is quite sane although she does demonstrate signs of incipient madness. She is however ill and recovering from postnatal depression, which is why she is imprisoned in her little room. The irony is that instead of curing her illness, theShow MoreRelatedTell Tale Heart and the Yellow Wall Paper1321 Words   |  6 Pagesstories â€Å"The Tell Tale Heart† by Edgar Allen Poe, and â€Å"The Yellow Wall Paper† by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. Even though their writing styles are far apart they deal with a similar issue. Both authors deal with the fragility of the human mind. Both stories are very interesting and hold you to the core perhaps it is because any truly sane person knows that there is a little madness in all of us. Maybe that is why many people still read their stories today. In the story â€Å"The Tell Tale Heart† the narratorRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper and the Tell Tale Heart Analysis1189 Words   |  5 PagesHawkins 1 Deidre Professor Connors English 102-15 March 12, 2011 Narrative Unreliability and Symbolisms in â€Å"The Tell -Tale Heart† and â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper† â€Å"The Tell -Tale Heart† by Edgar Allan Poe, was released in 1843. It is one of Poe’s shortest stories and provides a look into paranoia and mental deterioration. â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper† by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, was released in 1899. This story also provides a look into mental deterioration and had been misinterpreted when it wasRead MoreA Tell Tale Heart By Edgar Allan Poe1156 Words   |  5 Pagesconclusion that all of the stories we read in class contain some level of madness. For example in the short stories â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper† by Charlotte Perkins Gilman â€Å"The Tell-Tale Heart† by Edgar Allan Poe, both of the main character in these stories believe that they are perfectly wise, but their out of control behaviors proves that they’re mentally ill or to be more specific insane. In the short story â€Å"A tell-tale heart† the unknown narrator is telling us a story about his neighbor who is anRead MoreThe Tell Tale Heart And The Yellow Wallpaper Essay1619 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"The Tell-Tale Heart† and â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper† each depict a personal viewpoint of mentally ill characters, who both differ and are alike in various aspects of â€Å"madness.† Edgar Allan Poe’s character denies a presence of madness entirely, yet blames a physical ailment instead. As deeply disturbed as the character seems because of the eye, he abruptly decides to eradicate what he believes is the primary issue rather than considering attempting to heal his own â€Å"disease.† Charlotte Gilman’s story differsRead MoreEdgar Allen Poe and Charlotte Perkins Are Unreliable Narrators: A Discussion1013 Words   |  4 Pagespsychological constructs of the characters contained within their short stories. In The Tell-Tale Heart, by P oe, the unnamed narrator maintains that he is not mad despite the fact that he has murdered someone in the process of trying to destroy an Evil eye. On the other hand, in The Yellow Wallpaper, by Perkins, the unnamed narrator recognizes that her nerves have contributed to her descent into madness. It can be argued that both unnamed narrators are equally unreliable because of their behaviorRead Moreâ€Å"The Fall of the House of Usher† and â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper†: A Comparison Introduction2266 Words   |  10 Pages â€Å"The Fall of the House of Usher† and â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper†: A Comparison Introduction Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper† has received wide praise for its accurate depiction of madness and the symptoms attributed to mental breakdowns (Shumaker 1985).  Ã‚   While these symptoms may seem obvious from today’s psychological perspective, Gilman was writing at the close of the 19th century when the discipline of psychology was still emerging out of a rudimentary psychiatric approach to treatingRead MoreFiction Essay: Yellow Wallpaper and Story of the Hour1517 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿Victoria Reyes English 104-OL5 Professor Steiner September 9, 2013 â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper and Story of The Hour: A Character Analysis† Marriage has often been described as one of the most beautiful and powerful unions one human can form with another. It is the sacred commitment and devotion that two people share in a relationship that makes marriage so appealing since ancient times, up until today. To have and to hold, until death do us part, are the guarantees that two individuals makeRead MoreThe Yellow Wall-Paper: A Classic Piece of Gothic Literature 1215 Words   |  5 Pagesevokes strong feelings of foreboding or fearful anticipation is also essential to this genre. Based upon these criteria, The Yellow Wall-paper is a classic piece of Gothic literature. In it, Charlotte Perkins Gilman utilizes numerous elements of the Gothic tradition to tell the story of one womans descent into madness. The physical setting that Gilman creates in The Yellow Wall-paper certainly evokes a feeling of foreboding or nervous anticipation. At the beginning, the narrator suggests thatRead MoreGothic Elements in Great Expectations’ by Charles Dickens Essay2075 Words   |  9 Pagesromance and horror in an attempt to thrill and terrify the reader, yet in the Victorian era ceased to become a dominant literary genre. However themes of the Gothic still survived such as psychological and physical terror, mystery, supernatural and madness. The melancholy atmosphere and persistent melodrama in novels such as ‘Great Expectations’ by Charles Dickens are examples of Gothic elements in later novels as the ‘Victorian gothic’ moves away from traditional themes (ruined castles, helpless heroinesRead More Repression of Women Exposed in The Yellow Wallpaper1873 Words   |  8 PagesRepression of Women Exposed in The Yellow Wallpaper      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   The short story The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman gives a brilliant description of the plight of the Victorian woman, and the mental agony that her and many other women were put through as treatment for depression when they found that they were not satisfied by the life they had been given.      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   In the late nineteenth century when the Yellow Wallpaper was written, the role of wife and mother, which

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Lottery, By Shirley Jackson - 925 Words

It was a sunny summer day when all the villagers gathered in the village on June 27th for the annual Lottery. The actual event did not start until later on in the day, so there were little activities that the community members could do to keep them occupied. People would also go around looking for stones and collected them so they will have enough for the event. Mr. Summers is the person who conducted the Lottery. He has no kids so running the Lottery gave him something to do since he had a lot of time on his hands. Therefor he created the Lottery event and that was what he did to keep himself busy. The Lottery is the main reason of the villagers gathering together; at the event all the families from the village gather together to pick a slip of paper from a black box to determine who will get stoned by all the other villagers. In short story The Lottery, Shirley Jackson demonstrates the dangers of a culture that requires people to participate in traditions that may lead to death. As I stated before in the beginning of the event all the families get together to pick a slip of paper from the black box Mr. Summers presents in the middle of the crowd. Who ever picks the paper with the black dot in the middle of the paper, their family had to choose again, and the person who picks the paper they will get stoned by all the villagers including their family members. Tessie was the person who got stoned in the story. The annual Lottery was about to start and everyone in theShow MoreRelatedThe Lottery, By Shirley Jackson1195 Words   |  5 PagesOn the surface, Shirley Jackson’s short story, â€Å"The Lottery,† reads as a work of horror. There is a village that holds an annual lottery where the winner is stoned to death so the village and its people could prosper. Some underlying themes include: the idea that faith and tradition are often followed blindly, and those who veer away from tradition are met with punishment, as well as the idea of a herd mental ity and bystander apathy. What the author manages to do successfully is that she actuallyRead MoreThe Lottery by Shirley Jackson757 Words   |  4 Pagessucceed but many fail just like the main character Tessie Hutchinson in Shirley Jackson’s short story â€Å"The Lottery†. When someone hears the word â€Å"lottery†, he or she may think that someone will be rewarded with prize. But â€Å"The Lottery† By Shirley Jackson is different than what one thinks. In the story, a lottery is going to be conducted not like Mega Million or Powerball one play here. In the story, the person who wins the lottery is stoned to death instead of being rewarded with the prize. TessieRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson931 Words   |  4 PagesIn 1948 Shirley Jackson composed the controversial short story â€Å"The Lottery.† Generally speaking, a title such as â€Å"The Lottery† is usually affiliated with an optimistic outlook. However, Jackson’s appr oach is quite unorthodox and will surely leave readers contemplating the intent of her content. The story exposes a crude, senseless lottery system in which random villagers are murdered amongst their peers. Essentially, the lottery system counteracts as a form of population control, but negatives easilyRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson1504 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"The Lottery† by Shirley Jackson In The Lottery Shirley Jackson fills her story with many literary elements to mask the evil. The story demonstrates how it is in human nature to blindly follow traditions. Even though some people have no idea why they follow these traditions. The title of the story plays a role in how Shirley Jackson used some literary elements to help mask the evils and develop the story. The title â€Å"The Lottery† serves as an allegory. When people think of the lottery majorityRead More`` The Lottery `` By Shirley Jackson894 Words   |  4 Pagesshort story â€Å"The Lottery†, author Shirley Jackson demonstrates Zimbardo’s concepts in three different areas: Authority figures, Tradition and Superstition, and Loyalty. The first concept Jackson portrays in â€Å"The Lottery† is the authority figures. Jackson indicates that the lottery is being held in the town center by one authority figure, Mr. Summers, annually on June 27th. Every June 27th, without fail, townspeople gather in the town square to participate in the annually lottery even though mostRead MoreThe Lottery, By Shirley Jackson1510 Words   |  7 PagesShirley Jackson’s â€Å"The Lottery† illustrates several aspects of the darker side of human nature. The townspeople in Jackson’s â€Å"The Lottery† unquestioningly adhere to a tradition which seems to have lost its relevance in their lives. The ritual that is the lottery shows how easily and willingly people will give up their free will and suspend their consciences to conform to tradition and people in authority. The same mindless complacency and obedience shown by the villagers in Jackson’s story are seenRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson8 11 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"The Lottery† was published by Shirley Jackson. The story was true expression of Jackson’s genuine thoughts about human beings and their heinous competence in an annual village event for corn harvest . First, her used to word symbolized main point of the story. Second, Jackson was inspired by few historical events happened in the past and a life incident in her life. Lastly, She was able to accomplish the connection between historical and biographical with the story. Therefore, Shirley Jackson’sRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson934 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"The Lottery† by Shirley Jackson signifies the physical connection between the villagers and their unwillingness to give up their tradition. â€Å"The Lottery† is very unpredictable and quite misleading. The black box has no functionality, except every June 27th. Shirley Jackson depicts the black box as an important and traditional tool. Although the villagers in â€Å"The Lottery† are terrified of the goal of the lottery and the black box, they are unwilling to let go of the tradition. Shirley Jackson portraysRead MoreThe Lottery by Shirley Jackson799 Words   |  4 Pagesthe mood and to foreshadow of things to come. The Lottery by Shirley Jackson is a story in which the setting sets up the reader to think of positive outcomes. However, this description of the setting foreshadows exactly the opposite of what is to come. In addition, the theme that we learn of at the end leads us to think of where the sanity of some human beings lies. The story begins with the establishment of the setting. To begin, Shirley Jackson tells the reader what time of day and what time ofRead MoreThe Lottery by Shirley Jackson1764 Words   |  7 Pagesfilled with excitement and eeriness, leaving the reader speechless. The Lottery , a short story written by famous writer Shirley Jackson, created an uproar on June 26, 1948, when it was published in the magazine The New Yorker (Ball). The gothic thriller, set in an unknown time and place, shares the tradition of a small town, a little larger than three hundred people, in which a drawing is held once a year. In this â€Å"Lottery,† each family’s husband draws a slip of paper from a black box. The husband

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

History of the Federal Parole System free essay sample

Not all inmates are eligibility for parole, however some inmates convicted of non violent crimes must spend only fifty percent of their sentence incarcerated. Inmates convicted of violent crimes must spend eighty five percent of their sentences. If an inmate is convicted of murder he must spend hundred percent of his/her sentence (Frank Schmalleger, 2010). We will write a custom essay sample on History of the Federal Parole System or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Each jurisdiction has a parole board for the inmates that wish to seek parole. For the parolee, they must attend a parole hearing which also has the victims, the institutional representative, and parole board members. Parole hearings usually take between ten to fifteen minutes for the inmates to be granted or denied, the parole committee basis their decision on both eligibility guidelines and interview from the parole hearing. Some reasons of why parole is denied are, not enough time served, poor disciplinary record, need to see movement to lower security and success, and of satisfactory. Finally the parole board will set conditions for parole, the parolees must comply with a average to three years which may include, restitution, substance abuse classes, remote electronic monitoring, or house arrest (Frank Schmalleger, 2010). I believe the parole system has flaws; one of them is that the parole system is too lenient on the most serious offenses; one example is letting a child molester or rapist out on parole for â€Å"good time served†, the offender with these types of charges should have to serve one hundred percent of their sentence, they should not get an option to be released from prison early. The parole system is too harsh on offenders with less serious offenses. One example is a drug dealer getting five to ten years in prison; this offense should be approved for â€Å"good time served† after about sixty percent of the offender’s sentence is completed. This type of offender may be rehabilitated. The parole population has continually increased averaging a growth of 1. 73 percent per year from 2000 to 2008 nationally (Frank Schmalleger, 2010). I believe the parole population has increased because of the increase of offenders coming into the prisons. The prisons do not have room; therefore they are releasing the offenders that have served the majority of their sentences. Once the parolee has been released it is stated that over two thirds return back to the prison population. I believe the parolee’s are returning back to prison population because they lack job skills and also that most employers are not interested in hiring ex cons. The state of Florida parole population has increased to 158,000 parolee’s currently in the state (Frank Schmalleger, 2010). I think changes in the parole system in the near future will be supervision of more serious offenders is going to be much stricter. As a result, lesser offenders are going to be supervised less or not at all.

Sunday, April 12, 2020

Why Space Essays - Space Policy, Spaceflight, Apollo Program

Why Space? How does space exploration and an organization like NASA (National Aeronautical and Space Administration) benefit the United States? The formation of NASA to monitor and explore space has served the United States by supplying us with advancements in medicine, military defense, consumer products and the citizens of all participating countries a sense of pride in their countries. Space exploration has evolved from being a source of bragging rights during the cold war to a tool to develop faster ways of communication and scientific breakthroughs that are used to cure and/or prevent diseases. The United States has become a world power by using NASA to develop ways to defend the USA as well as benefit the inhabitants of the world. Early History After the end of W.W.I the United States did not think much about space travel. But as soon as the USSR launched Sputnik I in 1958, the first artificial satellite to orbit the earth, the USA quickly began to attempt to create a satellite of their own. Before the United States could create a satellite, the Soviets announced that they made and launched their second satellite named Sputnik II, it was the first biological spacecraft. After the launching of Sputnik II the US felt tremendous pressure to launch its first satellite. The United States quickly launched Explorer I, the first American satellite in space, Explorer was created to measure cosmic rays and micrometeorites in earth's atmosphere. The US then launched another satellite named Vanguard I to measure the amounts of radiation in outer-space. The launching of satellites by both the US and USSR would soon lead to manned space travel. After the launching of Vanguard I by the USAF, the US realized that they would need a federal organization to regulate space travel. In 1959 the US government created NASA to maintain and expand the United State's interests in space travel. Not long after the creation of NASA, the organization quickly experiment with space suits and space vessels to prepare for sending a man into space. The Soviets soon announced that they launched a satellite called Luna II that was meant to take the first close-up pictures of the sun. It was the first rocket to leave the earth's gravitational field. The US continued to work on their goal of sending a man into space by selecting and beginning to train seven men in May 1959. These first seven American astronauts were named the Mercury 6. While the United States was selecting astronauts to start their space program the Soviets were already taking pictures of the moon and planning to get ready to send a man to the moon. 1961-1970 Freedom 7 was launched on May 5, 1961 carrying a Mercury 6 astronaut Alan B. Shepard, Jr.. The rocket climbed 302 miles into the air making the ship and Shepard the first American astronaut to fly into space. The United States briskly went to work, trying to sent another American into space. John Glenn was selected as the Mercury 6 astronaut that would orbit the earth. On February 20, 1962 the US was ready to surpass the USSR in the field of human space exploration. John Glenn successfully was launched into orbit around the earth, becoming the first human to do so. He completed three orbits around the earth in his Friendship 7 spacecraft. The mission was extremely successful for the US and NASA. After the mission the United States became the leading country in the field of space exploration. The US started to get ready for further missions into space by reaching new breakthroughs in space suit technology. The manned orbiting laboratory suit of 1963 was an Air Force refinement for the Gemini spacecraft missions. The manned orbiting laboratory was designed to carry two or more astronauts into space at the same time for an extended period of time. The suit was supposed to allow the astronauts to be able to move around the Gemini spacecraft freely. However the suit was made obsolete when the Project Gemini lightweight suit was developed in 1965. The space suit was designed to be easily removed during flight to aid to the astronauts comfort, making it easier for the astronauts to tolerate long journeys. These suits were of great value to the Apollo missions. The Apollo missions were meant to eventually land a man on the moon. While Soviet space program was faltering because the government refused to allocate the needed funds to support the Soviet Cosmonauts, the United States was getting ready to send a man to the moon. The first ten Apollo missions were to survey the moon and the gravity fields around it to make planning

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

University of Newcastle Essays

University of Newcastle Essays University of Newcastle Essay University of Newcastle Essay 1)What segmentation base has Red Bull adopted to target consumers? How should Red Bull further segment the market in the future? When marketers begin instigate their strategy they will begin by selecting a marketing base at which they will aim their strategy. The Bases can be broken into four segments on the basis of two criteria: 1- Facts, which can be determined by a single objective or cognitions that are more abstract 2-Consumer rooted features relating to consumers physical, social and psychological needs versus consumption specific behaviour or preferences towards a product. Based on this criteria the four segments business use include: -Demographic, based on general features of human life -Geographic, based on the region the consumers live in -Behavioural, based on the consumers preferences towards products -Psychographic, based on the personality traits of consumers While many companies choose to aim their marketing strategy at a single consumer base, many successful companies choose to engage many segmentation bases with one marketing strategy. This process is called hybrid segmentation. This can be seen with Red Bulls â€Å"guerrilla marketing† strategy that established them as a successful company. It is clear that the marketing strategy segmented the market demographics and psychographic segments. For example the unique strategy that was developed to demographically target students/young adults and aimed to psychographically appeal due to their active and outgoing lifestyles. In order to continue their success in the market, Red Bulls targeted consumer base can be further segmented to increase profitability. ) How Does Red Bull arouse the motivations of consumers to purchase energy drinks? Motivation can be seen as the driving force that impels the consumer to act in fulfilling their needs, hopefully through the consumer purchasing their products. Red Bull achieves this through providing positive motivation for the consumer. 3) Describe the Brand Personality of Red Bull. Why do you think the concept of brand personality is so important to Red Bull?

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Convincing Irans leadership to stop its nuclear program Assignment

Convincing Irans leadership to stop its nuclear program - Assignment Example The shahs, who you serve, are responsible for enforcing harsh laws which make Iranians comply with your government’s directives, since their fundamental human rights and freedoms have been ignored by your administration. Your media is a good example, where local journalists who voice their concerns are being silenced. As the international community, we have observed the following measures to deal with the situation which is slowly getting out of hand. As you well know, this is a way of thinking that is dangerous. The notion is that violence or the threat of it, must be responded to with violence, though in this modern day and age, seems outdated and uncivilized. As per your government’s behavior, you well know that vexing problems cannot be solved with force. This is not the correct method for America and the international community.1 Your country so far poses no existential threat. Your government is seen to be in internal disarray. We see that your political, economic and moral power is so inferior that resorting to terrorism and assassination to carry out international agenda seem to be your administration’s viable option. Your country threatens to develop nuclear capabilities, but you should know that the international community and your neighbors like Israel would not hesitate to resort to military action if and when the threat materializes, but as you know, military options against your country is not wise. This kind of retributive, vengeful action will lead us to even a trillion dollar expenditure.